Places to Visit in Bali Indonesia: Bali Island of Indonesia is known for its amazing beauty, water temples, and picturesque beaches.
Places to Visit in Bali Indonesia (Bali Trip)
Bali Island of Indonesia is known for its beauty, serene environment, and picturesque beaches.
I would like to tell you that paddy fields and the Jal Mandir of Indonesia are an important part of the cultural landscape of Bali. These scenarios have been recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
I would like to mention here all the water temples of Bali Indonesia which, according to my estimation, are part of the cultural heritage of Bali, which falls under the World Heritage Site.
Water Temple of Bali Indonesia
Bali Island of Indonesia is known for its beauty, serene environment, and picturesque beaches.
I had many things behind the Bali tour. The most important among them was to visit UNESCO World Heritage Sites. However, the cultural heritage of Bali will surprise you. The site of UNESCO, considering it as a cultural landscape, declares the Subak Irrigation System as a heritage site for the cultivation of paddy here. Only one temple of Bali is shown on this website. Except for this temple called Taman Ayun, no other temple is mentioned here. However, during the visit to the Jalamandir named Bali’s Teertha Empul, information was also received about it being a heritage site declared by UNESCO. The basic element of these heritage sites of Bali is its water management system.
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Hindu temples of Bali (Places to Visit in Bali Indonesia)
Bali is a Hindu island of thousands of Hindu temples. Therefore, Indian Hindus have a special emotional relationship with Bali. You will find statues of Hindu Gods and Goddesses in the public spaces of Bali more than in India. The names of the streets of Bali are also of Indian origin. You will be amazed to see the Ramayana displayed here. I still wonder how those artists were producing music without any music.
The temples of Bali are different from most temples in India. The temples of Bali do not have idols of gods and goddesses. Offer is offered only on the platform located there. In most temples, only the Hindus of Bali are allowed to enter. Other Hindus are not allowed to enter the sanctum sanctorum. Entry of non-Hindus is strictly prohibited. Although I convinced him to be a Hindu, I was not given entry into some temples. In the desire to enter, I also wore his traditional clothes ie sarong, and waist belt. But inside most of the temples, I did not get admission. Even if I got admission somewhere, I was seen with suspicion. Despite all this, everything I saw and knew about these temples in Bali was so rich that I am not particularly sorry for the prohibition of entry.
Subak irrigation system
Places to Visit in Bali Indonesia: It is Bali’s traditional water management system. The traditional water management system of Bali is Tri-Hita-Karan. This word, which is derived from three Sanskrit words, is the basis of the Subak irrigation system of Bali. Tri means three interests, welfare and welfare. This is the principle that works for the welfare of the three, you, your neighbors, and the environment. Its basic principle is that everyone has equal rights over water. That is to supply water to you and your fields, without damaging the environment. This arrangement ensures the equitable distribution of natural resources. With water being an important natural resource, the entire community benefits from this system.
The Subak irrigation system of Bali has a special system of paddy fields, as paddy fields require plenty of water.
Citizens who violate the Subak system are heard in the temple. This is a precise social control system to achieve the larger objective of public welfare and environmental protection. You can get information about Subak Water Irrigation System from this site in Bali. You will not live without praising this very well-designed system. I learned that Subak is not the only system of a sect. All the farmers pray to the Goddess together for fertility and abundance.
Jal Mandir of Indonesia for Fragrance (Places to Visit in Bali Indonesia)
A water temple is associated with each Subak system. If you wish, you can get the necessary information about the functioning of the Subak system in the Bali Museum.
The forest, paddy Vedika fields, canals, and other water transport resources, temples, etc. are covered under the Subak system.
This fragile system is a UNESCO-declared World Heritage Site. Are covered under-
• The entire Ulun Danu Batur situated on the banks of Lake Batur: It is considered to be the original source of the entire Bali water.
• Subak scenario of Chatur Ang Baturkaru: A mention of this Subak system has been found in the records of the 10th century.
• Pura Taman Ayun – Temple of the Raj family where the largest Subak system is installed.
However, at the time of my visit to the Tirtha Ampul, I also saw UNESCO inscriptions displayed there, which are water temples of Indonesia.
After this brief introduction, let us discuss the water temples of Bali which are an important part of Bali’s culture-rich landscape.
Pura Taman Ayun – Bali Indonesia’s Largest Water Temple
Places to Visit in Bali Indonesia: The beautiful extensive gardens and lotus pools of this temple, established in a large area, reflect this.
I reached the footpath bisecting a picturesque rhythm from the middle. Here I met two saints who were wearing fresh flowers in their ears. The entrance to the temple was built in a typical Bali pattern. Through this gateway, I reached a wide garden with a small square in the middle. In one corner of the garden, there was a cute little umbrella. The maintenance of the garden was adding beauty to this temple. After that, the trail led me to some stairs leading me to the temple. The temple was established within the boundary wall. In one corner of the temple complex, I saw a double roof peak.
As soon as we climbed the stairs, a high temple was presented in front of us. A feature of the temples here that came to my attention, be it the stairs or the gateway, the gatekeeper idols are installed on both sides. Entry is not allowed inside the temple. However, you can revolve around the temple and admire its exquisite artwork.
Ornate palisade was built on either side of the footpath located on the back of the main entrance, the upper part of which was made of the shape of a snake. A monk’s embossed carving was done on the palace wall. On one side, a male playing the instrument, and on the other side, a female sitting in the middle of the foliage was carved.
Meru (Water Temple of Indonesia)
Many tall structures were built on square platforms in the Taman Ayun temple complex. Each structure resembling a crest had layers of several umbrellas of decreasing size. There were water-filled trenches around the main temple. Perhaps this is why it is called Jal Mandir.
There were platforms for offering offerings in the temple. Divine statues were also placed on some small platforms. The slanted roofs that were neatly constructed had covered these platforms. A pattern of Vajra was installed on each terrace. Divine statues were also installed on the pillars around the stage.
In the temple, I saw many other supernatural idols, whose names were neither known to me nor the background of their legends. Many idols were wearing feathers and abundant jewelry was also engraved on them. If you have any information about them, I would definitely like to know.
Pavilion (Water Temple of Indonesia)
There was a pavilion outside the main temple around which pillars were installed. Many celestial statues were engraved on these pillars as well. Of these, I could identify only one idol, which by my estimation was that of Veena Dhari Saraswati Maa. I could not get information about other statues. They are still a mystery to me.
In another pavilion, the scene of the battle of the roosts was carved with horses engraved on either side.
On the stage in a corner, I saw pictures of fiery deities excited. Due to language restrictions from the nearby Bali residents, more information could not be received about these idols.
Increasing the information about the history of the Pura Taman Ayun temple, I want to tell you that this temple is the temple of the Mengwai royal house which ruled till the end of the 19th century. This means that the Subak water system in Bali was in use till the 19th century. Although this temple was established in the 16th century, however, it has been revived in the 20th century.
The Pura Taman Ayun temple was sufficiently huge. Although I did not observe the inner parts of the temple, the entire hour was spent observing the outer parts of the temple. It is my wish that the system of philosophy with a viewer should start here. At least one board should be set up to provide detailed information about this temple, especially about the water management system here.
Teerth Ampul (Places to Visit in Bali Indonesia)
Tirth Ampul is the busiest and most active temple in Bali.
There was a huge tree at its entrance itself. Worship is performed by offering it on the platform around it. Let me remind you again, if you are not a Hindu of Bali then you cannot climb this platform. You can only revolve around the stage. Only the Hindus of Bali are allowed to worship it.
Tirtha Ampul literally means sacred source in the Bali language. This water source is the originating source of the river Pakarisan.
Water from the water source was coming out of many water bodies and was gathered in a huge tank. It seemed that this Jal Kund was the center of attraction for the pilgrims of the Teerth Ampul because there was a long row in front of each water face. They were waiting for their turn to bathe in the holy water. Many visitors were also waiting on the stage near the pool.
Chadava (Water Temple of Indonesia)
In the temple, I saw many visitors going towards the temple with very elegant and beautiful baskets in their hands. White tilak was applied on the forehead and the visitors wearing traditional clothes seemed to be very pleasing. Some baskets were kept in their baskets. After watching carefully, it was known that these baskets were being taken to the Darshan temple to offer as offerings. I had the privilege of seeing the complete summary of the Hindu culture of Bali in this temple.
On one side of the shrine, Ampul temple was a square full of fish. There was a wall built around it in the temple system. I sat there looking at those fish for a few moments. He was addicted to food given by the visitors. They used to swim together and gather on the same side.
The main temple was lined with several platforms. Some of the platforms were very elegantly engraved on which divine statues were installed. The other platforms were made in a plain manner on which devotees offered offerings. I got to see a unique scene in the Teerth Ampul. The visitors put their offerings on these forums and used to sit around them. After that, the priest used to go there and perform rituals at will.
The entire shrine was the only temple where proper Shivalinga was established in entire Bali. This Shivalinga, wrapped in white and yellow garments, was devoutly decorated. It seemed that the devotees of Bali offered it with full respect.
There was also a pool in the back of the temple, between which many small temples were built. It appeared to be a relatively quiet part of the temple.
Outside the temple, vendors were selling flowers, bananas, etc. for offerings. He used to first give people a banana for free tasting. After that, they used to urge them to buy.
There was also a huge market outside the temple complex from where you can buy special items of Bali as a memento.
Gua Gajah Temple – Water Temples of Indonesia
Places to Visit in Bali Indonesia: A temple in the form of an elephant-shaped cave temple, whose obverse was widely engraved. It had embossed carvings of many frightful creatures and demons. The façade of the cave is considered to be Gajmukh-like. However, the face of the cave did not seem to me to be a sight for anyone. In Bali, Gua means cave and Gajah means elephant.
At the entrance of the temple was a water tank which was divided into two parts by a turban. Each part of the tank was filled with water coming from the three water bodies located on the main wall. By my estimation, to keep the water level stable, there will also be a means of drainage in the pool.
There were many platforms around the Jalkund, which Hindu devotees from Bali were using to offer prayers.
As I entered the cave, I saw one porch on both sides. The left deodary took us to the idol of Lord Ganesha and through the right deodary we got darshan of the three Shivalingas. There were also some additional niches on which nothing was laid. Probably at some time, idols would have been installed on these as well.
Outside the cave, I saw the ruined remains of some of the pitches. But some information about them was not available there.
The Gua Temple is a small cave that does not require special time to visit. The fact that Gua temple was included in Bali’s list of water temples was not available. However, the water tank outside the temple was forcing me to consider it a water temple.
Places to Visit in Bali Indonesia: Being curious to know about the Subak water irrigation system, I saw some water temples in Bali. He attracted me so much that the desire to visit Bali again and visit the Jal Temple in Indonesia is still strong.