Best Places to Visit in Chandigarh: A wonderful city ‘Chandigarh’ is located in India. The history of Chandigarh city is 8000 years old.
The city is not considered part of any state. It is a union territory of India. The control of this city is in the hands of the Government of India. No state has authority over this city. The special thing about this city is that this city is the capital city of both Punjab and Haryana state but it is not included in these states.
History of Chandigarh
The history of Chandigarh city is 8000 years old. Initially, the city was inhabited by the Harappan culture, the world’s first culture.
The city was very prosperous during the medieval period and was a part of the Punjab province at that time. But after the independence of the country in 1947, Punjab was divided into West and East Punjab.
After the partition of India, there was no capital of East Punjab because at that time the city of Lahore was given to Pakistan. That is why Chandigarh was built with full planning to give Punjab the capital city. That is why everyone had planned to build the city of Chandigarh on the side of the Shivalik hill. Therefore, very capable officers were given the responsibility to build this city.
The special thing about this city is that Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India himself, had also paid attention to the construction of this city. But while creating this city, many problems were faced.
While choosing the place, the environment, military vulnerability, water facilities, etc. were taken into consideration and the place was chosen accordingly.
But after some time the state of Haryana was also built and both Punjab and Haryana wanted a capital city. Due to the importance of this city and the city being very close to both the states, it was declared the capital of Punjab and Haryana.
The city is named after the Chandi temple here, which is why this city is called Chandigarh.
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Language of Chandigarh
The official language of Chandigarh is English. Most of the people here speak Hindi (67.53%) but some people also speak Punjabi (27.89%). English, Hindi, and Punjabi are also taught in government schools here.
Religion of Chandigarh
People of all religions live happily in a big city like Chandigarh. The city was also named Chandigarh because of the Chandi temple here. There is also a famous ‘Iscon temple’ of Hinduism in Sector 36 of this city. Nada Sahib Gurudwara of Sikhism is very close to this temple. Apart from this gurudwara, there is also a lot of historical belief in Manimajra and Burrell here.
Festivals of Chandigarh
The festival of Navratri is celebrated every year in September or October. In this festival, many Sanghatayenas organize Ramlila. In this way, the tradition of showing events of Ramlila has been going on for the last 50 years.
The ‘Gulab festival’ is celebrated every year in the month of February in the Zakir Hussain Gulab Bagh here. In this festival flowers of different varieties of roses are shown.
The ‘mango festival’ is celebrated during the monsoon in this city. Other festivals are also celebrated here at Sukhna Lake.